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Full text of "Yearbook - Massachusetts Horticultural Society"

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 






The Massachusetts Horticultural Society is a non-profit 
membership organization, incorporated June 12, 1829, 
for the purpose of encouraging the practice of horticul- 
ture and the art of gardening. 



1964 YEAR BOOK 




HORTICULTURAL HALL 
300 MASSACHUSETTS AVE. 
BOSTON, MASS. 02115 




The Massachusetts Horticultural Society is composed 
of over eight thousand members who are vitally inter- 
ested in gardens and gardening. We think this interest 
is important to the future of outdoor America because 
from even a single seed sown, or plant in a pot, can 
grow the awareness and knowledge necessary to the 
preservation of green spaces in cities, suburbs and 
countryside. 

Gardening is the most comprehensive of the arts. It 
deals with the creation of environment for man's 
comfort, use and pleasure. Conservation, city planning, 
recreation, urban renewal and even architecture are 
closely related to the garden concept, and who is to 
say that enjoyment of music and sculpture in a garden 
is not superior to that indoors ? 

Gardens provide man with the opportunity to have 
day to day contact with the natural world. As America 
becomes more urbanized, the need for gardens be- 
comes greater. 

To stimulate and encourage this interest, the Massa- 
chusetts Horticultural Society provides classes, work- 
shops, lectures, tours, shows, and special awards for 
gardens and for horticultural service and achievement, 
throughout the year. In addition, many thousands of 
garden questions are answered by mail, by telephone 
and in personal contact when members and visitors 
come to Horticultural Hall with their garden problems. 
Although the circulation of books is limited to mem- 
bers, the use of the library is open to all. 

In a workshop on bonsai, a subject of serious study 
in recent years, Mrs. John H. Cunningham, of Brook- 
line and a member of the Society, gives serious attention 
to a cryptomeria which she has wired and planted in a 
Japanese bonsai dish. The tree is planted on a simulated 
island of moss and stone which is surrounded by sand, 
representing water. At the right, Mr. Yuji Yoshimura, 
a leading exponent of the art of bonsai, explains the 
wiring and pruning of a plant to one of the several 
students attending his workshops in Horticultural Hall 
in April 1964. 

Mr. Armand J. Longval, a member of the Massachu- 
setts State Police and of the Society, inspects one of the 





fine daphnes in front of his home in Hamilton. This 
is not an easy plant to grow, but the Longvals' garden 
activities earned them a Bronze Medal in 1964. 

Mrs. Lucien B. Taylor's Practical Gardening class 
inspects strawberry plants en route to the cold frames 
(photo top center). Mrs. Taylor, noted author of The 
Handbook of Wild Flower Cultivation, and Winter 
Flowers in the Sun-heated Pit, has taught so many mem- 
bers how to garden well, that the alumni of her courses 
are everywhere. Mrs. Taylor is also working with boys 
in the Norfolk County House of Correction. Two of 
the boys are enrolled in Pennsylvania State University 
correspondence courses, furnished by the Society, and 
it is hoped that this will help them to find gainful 
employment upon release. 

Members carted pots of choice bulbs home from the 
Bulb Forcing workshop in October of last year. Mr. 
Jean Thibodeau, well known for his knowledge and 
flair in the garden arts, particularly in the field of 
bulbs, explains the structure of a bulb to class members 
(photo top, far right) . 

On a hillside below the Charles Stratton Dana 
Greenhouses at the Arnold Arboretum, a group of 
members of the Society were photographed as they 
listened intently to Dr. Richard A. Howard, Director 
of the Arboretum. 

After examining the photographs, it is more obvious 
than ever that the Massachusetts Horticultural Society 
is basically a service organization and that, ultimately, 
its benefits extend far beyond its membership. 

Through Horticulture, the Society has a vehicle with 
which to extend its voice and influence throughout 
North America and to many foreign lands. The obli- 
gations to fulfill the purposes for which the Society was 
founded are great. The methods by which these goals 
are attained must change with the changing needs of 
our members and of the community, however large or 
small it may be. 

In the early days of this Society, large estates and 
professional gardeners were abundant. Gardening as an 
art was limited. Horticulture was fashionable. (At the 
opening of the Second Horticultural Hall, in 1864, the 






most sensational exhibit consisted of five pineapple 
plants in varying stages of development from inflores- 
cence to fruit, exhibited by the Governor of Rhode 
Island.) Today more Americans than ever live in their 
own homes. Thousands of square miles of American 
landscape are controlled by individual home owners, 
most of whom garden on a do-it-yourself basis. Many 
of these people have both artistic taste and intellectual 
curiosity. They are anxious to learn more about garden- 
ing, as both art and science. They are concerned with 
their own properties and appreciate the need to create 
comfortable and useful environment for themselves. 
For these people the Society provides a treasure-house 
of information and help. Many are already members, 
but there are thousands more who assume that garden- 
ing begins and ends with foundation planting. There 
is a tremendous lack of appreciation for, or even 
awareness to the importance of well-organized outdoor 
environment. This is the need of the mid-20th Century. 
It is the obligation of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society to meet that need. 



Members of the Society (top right) enjoy Mrs. Roger 
Glenn Mook's famous gardens in Rye, New York. 

The Society encourages and cooperates with children's 
garden programs, and products are exhibited in Horticultural 
Hall each August (right). 

In the photograph (lower right) students from Jamaica 
Plain High School work on their exhibit at the New England 
Spring Flower Show. 

Opposite page: 

Mr. Oliver Wolcott, President of the Society escorts 
Mrs. Endicott Peabody, the First Lady of Massachusetts, on a 
preview tour of the 1964 New England Spring Flower Show 
at Wonderland Park. 

A student from Jamaica Plain High School directs a visitor 
at the flower show (lower left). 

Plants grown by members are exhibited in the Amateur 
Horticultural Classes at the Spring Show (top center). 

Proof that everybody works at the Flower Show is evident 
in the photograph (lower center) which suggests chaos, but 
the frenzy of constructing a garden subsides, and on opening 
day the scene is immaculate, tranquil and beautiful. 

Frequent visitors to the library are Mr. and Mrs. Dominic 
Forte, of Lynn and their two sons, Donald and Paul. The 
Forte garden, built on a rocky hillside, includes a wide 
variety of plant materials and provides a laboratory for the 
boys' interests in insects and reptiles. 





Mr. and Mrs. Allen C. Haskell of New Bedford, receiving 
the President's Cup for their garden (photo above) in the 1964 
New England Spring Flower Show. Mr. Haskell also received 
the John S. Ames Trophy, for a garden of broadleaf ever- 
greens in the 1963 Show, judged the best exhibit stimulating 
horticultural interest in the year 1963. 




FLOWER SHOW AWARDS 1963 

THE PRESIDENT'S CUP 
Weston Nurseries, Inc., Hopkinton, for an informal garden 
in a naturalistic setting, the most meritorious exhibit in the 
Spring Show. 

GOLD MEDAL OF THE 
HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY OF NEW YORK 
North Shore Horticultural Society, for a formal bulb garden, 
the most beautiful exhibit in the Spring Show. 

GOLD MEDAL CERTIFICATE OF THE 
PENNSYLVANIA HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 
Mr. Allen C. Haskell, New Bedford, for a garden of ever- 
greens, an exhibit of special merit which stimulates an interest 
in horticulture, in the Spring Show. 

THE ALBERT C. BURRAGE GOLD VASE 
North Shore Horticultural Society, for a formal bulb garden, 
the most outstanding exhibit in 1963- 

GOLD MEDAL OF THE 
PHILADELPHIA FLOWER SHOW, INC. 
Kelsey-Highlands Nursery, East Boxford, for an informal 
exhibit, one that deserves additional recognition. 

BEACON HILL GARDEN CLUB CUP 
Noanett Garden Club, for the most charming garden club 
exhibit in the Spring Show. 

THE JOHN S. AMES TROPHY 
Mr. Allen C. Haskell, New Bedford, for an outstanding 
exhibit of broadleaf evergreens at the Spring Show. 
MRS. JOHN S. AMES CUP 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society Women's Exhibitions 
Committee (Mrs. John M. Hall, Chairman) for the exhibit 
in the Garden Club Section displaying the greatest horticul- 
tural excellence at the Spring Show. 

THE ANTOINE LEUTHY PRIZE 
Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, Chestnut Hill, for an exhibit of 
orchids at the Spring Show. 

TROPHY OF THE 
MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

Mr. Alexander Irving Heimlich, Woburn, for a naturalistic 
planting at the Spring Show. 

BULKLEY MEDAL OF THE 
GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, for a display of the seeds 
of woody plants, an exhibit of special merit at the Spring Show. 
THE BEATRIX FARRAND SILVER BOWL 
Weston Nurseries, Inc. Hopkinton, for an informal garden 
in a naturalistic setting, the best exhibit of rhododendrons 
and azaleas in the Spring Show. 

JOHN TAYLOR ARMS AWARD 
Cohasset Garden Club, for the blue ribbon entry receiving 
the highest number of points at the Spring Show. 

THE MRS. EDWIN SIBLEY WEBSTER CUP 
Community Garden Club of Hamilton and Wenham, for 
their Maine exhibit at the Spring Show. 



WONDERLAND CUP 

Massachusetts Department of Natural Resources, for a 
typical State Park in the Berkshires, for the largest number 
of votes from the Spring Show visitors. 
BEST BLOOMS 

Camellia "Laurel Leaf", exhibited by Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, 
Chestnut Hill. Daffodil "Jules Verne", exhibited by Mrs. Edwin 
S. Webster, Chestnut Hill. Iris "Starshine", exhibited by 
Mrs. Irving W. Fraim, Waltham. Tulip "Renown", exhibited 
by Mr. James Sutherland, 400 Beacon Street, Newton. 
GOLD MEDALS 

Amateur Horticultural Competition (Mrs. Hugh Hencken, 
Chairman) for a class for winter gardeners at the Spring Show. 

American Begonia Society, Bessie Raymond Buxton Branch. 
for an educational exhibit of species and hybrid begonias at 
the Spring Show. 

Arnold Arboretum, for a display of the seeds of woody 
plants at the Spring Show. 

Arnold Fisher Company, for a display of roses at the 
Spring Show. 

Associated Fruit Growers of Eastern Massachusetts, for a 
display of fruits. 

Bartlett Gardens, for a contemporary retreat in a wood 
setting at the Spring Show. 

Bartlett Gardens, for an informal chrysanthemum garden. 

Boston Market Gardeners Association, for a display of 
vegetables. 

Boston School Garden at Woburn, for a display of vege- 
tables and flowers. 

Butler and Ullman, Inc., for a display of camellias. 

Carter's Cactus & House Plant Center, for an educational 
exhibit of cacti and succulents at the Spring Show. 

Cider Hill Greenhouses, for a group of saintpaulias at the 
Spring Show. 

The Garden Club Federation of Massachusetts, Inc. (Mrs. 
Allan R. Finlay, Chairman) for a group of flower arrangements 
based on the theme "Changing Patterns" at the Spring Show. 

The Garden Club Federation of Massachusetts, Inc. (Mrs. 
Robert G. Richards, Chairman) for a group of flower arrange- 
ments based on the theme "Sing a Song of Roses". 

The Garden Club Federation of Massachusetts, Inc. (Mrs. 
Richard D. Bowman, Chairman ) for a group of flower arrange- 
ments based on the theme "Autumn Caprice". 

Gardner Museum, for a display of hybrid amaryllis plants 
at the Spring Show. 

Mr. Allen C. Haskell, for a garden of evergreens at the 
Spring Show. 

Mr. Alexander Irving Heimlich, for a naturalistic planting 
of miniature trees at the Spring Show. 

Mr. Alexander Irving Heimlich, for a naturalistic chrysan- 
themum garden. 

Holly Acres and Ashumet Holly Nursery, for an exhibit of 
ilex at the Spring Show. 

Johnson Bros., for a display of roses at the Spring Show. 



Mr. Karl P. Jones, for a display of roses. 

Kelsey-Highlands Nursery, for an informal exhibit showing 
the use of ground covers at the Spring Show. 

Mr. and Mrs. Harold W. Knowlton, for a display of iris. 

Mr. William F. Lommerse, for a display of tulips. 

Massachusetts Department of Natural Resources, for parts 
of a typical State Park in the Berkshires at the Spring Show. 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society Women's Exhibitions 
Committee, for eleven small gardens based on the theme 
"Gardens in These United States" at the Spring Show. 

The Montgomery Company, for a display of roses at the 
Spring Show. 

Mr. and Mrs. Roger Glenn Mook, for a display of daffodils. 

New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, for an 
exhibit of apples and grapes. 

North Shore Horticultural Society, for a formal bulb garden 
at the Spring Show. 

Packard Nursery and Garden Shop, for an informal garden 
on the New England Coast at the Spring Show. 

Peirce Brothers, Inc., for a display of roses. 

Pine Gardens, for an informal spring garden at the Spring 
Show. 

Plimoth Plantation, Inc., for an early 17th century thatched 
roof Pilgrim house and dooryard at the Spring Show. 

Mr. George H. Pride, for a display of hemerocallis. 

Mr. Marinus Vander Pol, for a semi-formal garden at the 
Spring Show. 

Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, for an exhibit of orchids at the 
Spring Show. 

Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, for a display of daffodils. 

Wellesley College, Dept. of Botany and Bacteriology, for an 
informal garden at the Spring Show. 

Weston Nurseries, Inc., for an informal garden in a natural- 
istic setting at the Spring Show. 

Weston Nurseries, Inc., for a spring garden. 
SILVER MEDALS 

Mr. Walter D. Brownell, for a rose garden at the Spring 
Show. 

P. dejager & Sons, Inc., for a collection of daffodils. 

De Vincent Farms, for a chrysanthemum garden. 

Fairmount Gardens, for a display of hemerocallis. 

Gardner Museum, for a group of chrysanthemums. 

Handy Greenhouses, for a group of saintpaulias at the 
Spring Show. 

Hurdle Hill Farm, for a colonial garden at the Spring Show. 

Jamaica Plain High School, for an informal garden at the 
Spring Show. 

Mr. Robert McCarroll, for a display of chrysanthemums. 

The Merrys, for a display of seasonal material. 

The Merrys, for a display of hemerocallis. 

Miss Helen C. Moseley, for an exhibit of foliage and flower- 
ing plants at the Spring Show. 

National Association of Gardeners, Boston Branch, for a pot 
garden at the Spring Show. 

continued on page 14 



SPECIAL MEDALS 




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Dr. Samuel L. Emsweller 



GEORGE ROBERT WHITE MEDAL OF HONOR 
Dr. Samuel Leonard Emsweller, College Park, Maryland for 
eminent service in horticulture. A teacher, horticulturist, 
geneticist, author and administrator, Dr. Emsweller has for 
29 years exerted an important influence in the instigating and 
directing of major investigations of ornamental plants at the 
United States Department of Agriculture's Research Station, 
Beltsville, Maryland. 



Harold G. Hillier 



THOMAS ROLAND MEDAL 
Mr. Harold George Hillier, world-prominent nurseryman 
of Winchester, England and member of the Council of the 
Royal Horticultural Society, for exceptional skill in horticul- 
ture, as exemplified by his successful efforts in seeking out, 
hybridizing, judging, growing and recommending the widest 
assortment of hardy woody ornamental plants. 



Henry J. Hohman 



JACKSON DAWSON MEDAL 
Mr. Henry Joseph Hohman of Kingsville, Maryland. Nurs- 
eryman, horticulturist and plant propagator extraordinary, Mr. 
Hohman has for half a century been interested in growing the 
better and unusual ornamental woody plants. 



Harold S. Ross 



LARGE GOLD MEDAL 
Awarded posthumously to Harold Salicath Ross, of Hing- 
ham, for outstanding service to the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society. During 30 years as a Trustee, he served on many 
committees and added materially in guiding some of the 
important activities of the Society. 




GARDEN AWARDS 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society awards a 
series of medals and certificates each year for gardens 
which achieve distinction. These gardens may be large 
or small, and, in some cases, recognize horticultural 
achievement by industry, business and institutions. All 
award winning gardens are open to members of the 
Society for two days. 



GOLD MEDALS 

Mrs. T. Jefferson Coolidge, Manchester 

Mr. William A. Coolidge, Topsfield 
(photo left, top) 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis P. Sears, Hamilton 



SILVER MEDALS 

The American Mutual Liability Insurance Co., 
Wakefield (photo left, bottom) 

Mrs. Cornelius Crane, Ipswich 

Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence L. Reeve, Manchester 

Mr. and Mrs. Carlton R. Richmond, Milton 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel H. Wolcott, Jr., Milton 

BRONZE MEDALS 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Carney, Manchester 

Mr. and Mrs. Armand J. Longval, Hamilton 
(photo pg. 2, top) 

Raytheon Executive Offices, Lexington 
(photo left, center) 

GARDEN CERTIFICATE 
Mr. and Mrs. C. Leighton Forbes, Milton 



HORTICULTURE 

Horticulture is sixty years old in 1964. While it 
has seen both great and lean years, it has always main- 
tained a signficant role in 20th Century garden activity 
in America. 

Examination of the bar graph on page 15 will reveal 
the financial history of Horticulture since 1962. Where 
losses were small (and even a profit realized) the 
answer was due, ironically, to both promotion and lack 
of promotion. Well-planned circulation promotion 
should pay for itself, or nearly so. Lack of promotion 
may seem a method for saving money, but, unfortu- 
nately, causes a quick drop in circulation. The higher 
the circulation the higher the advertising rates, and ad- 
vertising is the best revenue source available to support 
a worthwhile publication. 

A thorough study of Horticulture's problems was 
made in the summer and fall of 1963. A renewal rate 
of 44.3% indicated that something was drastically 
wrong with the publication. 

At the Meeting of the Board of Trustees, September 
19, 1963, approval was given to a three-year program 
for Horticulture. The goals of this program are: (1) 
to raise the standards of American gardening, (2) to 
carry forward the purpose for which the Society was 
founded and its traditional roll of leadership, (3) to 
turn Horticulture into a self-sustaining publication. 

In March 1964, the first of the new issues appeared 
and the reaction was immediate. Hundreds of letters 
and comments have been received from members, from 
subscribers and from leading professional and amateur 
horticulturists everywhere. 

Horticulture goes to some 14,000 members of the 
Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Connecticut 
Horticultural Societies. It also goes to an additional 
80,000 subscribers. Carefully planned promotion is 
resulting in many new subscribers. 

The success of Horticulture depends upon the dedi- 
cation and cooperation of many: authors, photogra- 
phers, printers, designers, editors, advertisers. Most of 
all, success depends upon the constant flow of ideas. 
As a member, your ideas are important, too. 



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LIBRARY REPORT 

The library of the Massachusetts Horticultural So- 
ciety represents the largest and most important collec- 
tion of horticultural works in America. 

It includes books, periodicals and pamphlets on all 
phases of gardening: 

history and exploration, 

landscape design, 

plant evaluation and selection, 

basic plant physiology, 

soil structure and care, 

plant identification, 
. . . and other matters pertinent to intelligent gardening. 
The library is the heart of the Society; it is the store- 
house of information which enables the Society to 
function with authority, and it is of world importance 
as an archive of 19th Century American horticultural 
literature. Since this was a great period of exploration 
and importation, the library is an extremely important 
historic and research tool which is in much demand 
today. Requests for information, both historic and 
contemporary, come from all over the world — an or- 
chard ist in Israel, a Korean student, German researchers. 
As an indication of the world importance of the 
library, it is interesting to note that more than 50 
libraries have purchased the Dictionary Catalog of the 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society Library. This is a 
three-volume work, in which the entire card catalog of 
more than 32,000 books and references is reproduced 
and sells for $165.00 per set. 

For members, the great value of the library is as a 
source of information in answer to the day-in, day-out 
problems of gardening. It provides facts on selection, 
propagation, cultivation, landscaping, flower arranging. 
It also stimulates new garden achievement. As proof 
of this facet of Society service, circulation figures con- 
tinue to climb. In 1963, a 37% increase over the 
previous year. 

Over a thousand packages, most of them containing 
more than one book, were mailed to members during 
the year and our mail circulation continues to be one of 



the most convincing services in attracting new members 
to the Society. 

The installation of a Xerox copying machine in the 
fall of 1963 provides a method by which the library 
staff can answer requests for information with maxi- 
mum accuracy and efficiency. An exact photocopy is 
made of the material requested — be it from a period- 
ical, a plant society publication, an institutional bulletin 
or journal or from a rare book — and the original 
reference material need not leave the library. While a 
small charge is made for this service, the demand is 
great. Now we are able to fill all requests made by uni- 
versities and research institutions throughout the world. 

The telephone line, direct to the library, (KE 6-1720), 
installed last fall, also has proved to be a new conven- 
ience to members. 

Book sales have been shifted to the library, as a part 
of its function, since the library staff is best able to 
make recommendations. A small discount is allowed 
on books purchased by members and proceeds go to the 
library fund. 

Money for the majority of book purchases comes 
from interest on three funds: 

John S. Farlow fund (1900) $ 2,500.00 

J. D. Williams French fund (1901) .... 11,681.88 

Albert C. Burrage, Sr. fund (1930) 30,000.00 

Nathaniel T. Kidder fund (1939) 5,000.00 

The combined income of the four funds totalled 
$1,967.28 in 1963. Many gift books are received from 
members and review copies are turned over to the 
library after they have been reviewed in Horticulture. 

As library services continue to grow, it is evident that 
more staff time is required and some of the projects 
which could help make the library even more useful 
to members have to be postponed. Many of these could 
be performed by interested volunteers with the guid- 
ance of the staff. 

(A list of new acquisitions is available to members 
upon request). 

Albert C. Burrage 



BOOK DONORS 

Alden, John E. 

Allen, Gertrude E. 

Anderson, Dr. Edgar 

Brydon, P. H. 

Caldwell, Dorothy Walcott 

Cavaccini, Daniel 

Cook, Mrs. Robert H. from the estate of Mrs. Francis 
King 

Brooks, Mrs. Van Wyck, Garden and Forest, 
1888-1897 

Coolidge, Mrs. Henry P. 

Christian Science Monitor Library 

Ellis, Frederic R. 

Helburn, Mrs. Margaret Willard, nursery catalog col- 
lection and other books 

Hodder, George F. 

Holland, Mrs. Laura W. 

Husting, Eugene E., 19th century nursery catalogs 

Lees, Carlton B. 

Mattoon, H. Gleason 

Mavor, Mrs. Anna C. H. 

Menninger, Edwin A. 

Moulton, Mary K. 

Nehrling, Arno H. 

Pratt, Mrs. Herbert W. 

Ross, Mrs. Harold S., in memory of Harold S. Ross, 
two hundred and sixty volumes from his library 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Digby, K. A discourse 
concerning the vegetation of plants and other 
volumes 

Rutgers University Library 

Steffek, Edwin F. 

Stetson, Paul 

Sturgis, Mrs. George P. 

Webber, E. Leland 

Wetherbee, Winthrop, M.D. 



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PRESIDENT'S REPORT 

In 1963 the Massachusetts Horticultural Society 
underwent a significant change when Mr. Carlton B. 
Lees became Executive Secretary and Director of Pub- 
lications on June 1st. Mr. Lees had served in a 
similar capacity for The Pennsylvania Horticultural 
Society. Mr. Nehrling continues as Director of Ex- 
hibitions through the 1965 New England Spring 
Flower Show, after which he will retire. 

Under Mr. Nehrling's direction, the special shows 
(daffodil, tulip, iris, rose, hemerocallis, the Children's 
Show and the Harvest and Chrysanthemum Show) 
attracted over 16,000 people in 1963, approximately the 
same as for the previous year. 

Attendance at the Spring Flower Show in 1964, 
showed an increase of 5,078 over 1963, but we have 
not yet reached the 100,000 plus attendance which 
was characteristic of the Shows in Mechanics Hall, 
Boston. 

We have accepted the invitation of the Revere 
Racing Association to hold the 1965 Spring Show at 
Wonderland Park. While the new War Memorial 
Auditorium, a part of the Prudential Center, is sched- 
uled to be in operation before the 1965 Show, there 
are many indefinite factors involved, and the Exhibi- 
tion Committee decided that we should return to 
Wonderland Park next year. The advisability of bring- 
ing the Show back into Boston in 1966 is being studied. 

After Mr. Lees' arrival, an emergency budget of 
$10,000 was provided for some changes which were 
needed in Horticultural Hall. A new telephone system 
allows us to handle calls with new efficiency. A direct 
telephone line to the library is a great convenience 
to members. 

The Presidents' Gallery was refurbished to reduce 
a burdensome noise problem and to improve lighting. 
The presidential portraits are now in chronological 
order; only two are missing from the long line of 
presidents dating from 1829. 

Some major rewiring was necessary to overcome 
frequent breakdowns, and for the safety of the library 




all gas lines have been removed from the building. 

While we have had a good year with lectures, 
courses, shows, children's garden and library activity, 
we again suffered a heavy deficit for 1963. It is the 
hope of the Board of Trustees that the new Horticulture 
will provide the answer to this problem. 

It is pleasant to report that while our year-end 
membership figures still show a decline of 203 mem- 
bers, the March figures show a gain and we hope that 
the tide has turned. 

Significant changes have been made in the member- 
ship structure to provide the opportunity for members 
to contribute to the program of the Society. A new 



category for Patrons has been established. Funds re- 
ceived from Patrons are invested, the income of which 
will be used, the principal to remain untouched. We 
are hopeful that many annual members will feel that 
the work of the Society deserves their support beyond 
their usual $8 membership fee and that they will want 
to become Sustaining or Contributing members. 

A substantial increase in revenues from member- 
ship, flower show receipts and from endowments are 
needed in the future. The work of the Society is of 
such importance that it justifies increased support. I 
am confident that we will get it. 

Oliver Wolcott 



12 



PATRONS 

Mrs. Edgar W. Cottle, Harvard 

Mr. & Mrs. William C. Cox, Cohasset 

Mrs. Irving W. Fraim, Walt bam 

Mr. & Mrs. G. Peabody Gardner, Brookline 

Mr. & Mrs. Karl P. Jones, Barrington, R.I. 

Mr. & Mrs. Harold W. Knowlton, Auburndale 

Mr. Peter J. Mezitt, Hopkinton 

Miss Helen C. Moseley, Newburyport 

Mrs. Alfred M. Tozzer, Cambridge 

Mr. & Mrs. G. Kennard Wakefield, Milton 

Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, Chestnut Hill 

Mr. & Mrs. Oliver Wolcott, Hamilton 

SUSTAINING MEMBERS 

Mr. Roy Garrett Watson 

CONTRIBUTING MEMBERS 

Mrs. John Moseley Abbot 
Mrs. S. B. Andrus 
Mrs. Parker Converse 
Miss Margaret Curran 
Mr. & Mrs. Henry Davis, III 
Mr. William Ferguson 
Mr. Maurice T. Freeman 
Mrs. Alexander R. George 
Mrs. Edward C. Johnson 
Miss Theresa B. Maley 
Mr. Henry P. McKean 
Mr. Frederick S. Moseley, III 
Mrs. Alexander Neilson 
Miss C. C. Pope 
Mr. Brooks Potter 
Mrs. Ellery Sedgwick 
Mrs. Edward C. Stone 
Mrs. William P. Wharton 
Miss Susan B. Whiting 



MEMBERSHIP REPORT 

At the close of 1963, the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society consisted of the following: 

Annual Members 7,187 

Associate Members 222 

Life Members 867 

Total 8,276 
Examination of the Life Memberships disclosed that 
several had been carried for more than 60 years and 
that many of the Life Memberships were obtained at 
$25.00, $35.00 and $50.00. It is obvious that the 
Society could not afford to continue to offer member- 
ships on such a basis. 

While existing Life Memberships must be honored, 
the Board of Trustees voted to discontinue offering 
such memberships in the future, at its September 1963 
meeting. It also voted to abolish the Associate ($5) 
membership, to create new membership categories for 
families and to offer two-year memberships as well. 

The new membership categories are as follows: 
Annual Membership 

Individual .... $ 8 ($14 two years) 

Family 12 ($22 two years) 

Contributing . . . 50* 

Sustaining . . . . 100* 
Patron 

(Includes membership for life) $1,000 
*The portion in excess of the Individual Member- 
ship rate ($8) is considered to be a gift to the Society 
and is deductible for Federal Income tax purposes. 
i.e. Contributing Membership, 

deductible portion: $42 

Sustaining Membership, 

deductible portion: $92 

Family, Contributing and Sustaining members re- 
ceive full membership privileges for the family (hus- 
band, wife and dependent children) ; two tickets for the 
Spring and Fall Shows; additional tickets for children 
upon request. 

Robert N. Elwell 



HONORARY MEMBERS 

Honorary Members are individuals who have received 
one of the special medals of the Massachusetts Horticul- 
tural Society. 

1942 Dr. William A. Dayton, Washington, D.C. 
Joseph B. Gable, Stewartstown, Pennsylvania 
Robert Moses, New York, New York 

G. G. Nearing, Ridgewood, New Jersey 
George H. Pring, St. Louis, Missouri 
Norman Taylor, New York, New York 
C. J. Van Bourgondien, Babylon, L.I., N.Y. 
Richard Wellington, Geneva, New York 

1943 Albert C. Burrage, Ipswich, Massachusetts 
Vincent DePetris, Grosse Farms, Michigan 
Dr. Henry T. Skinner, Washington, D.C. 

1945 Albert Hulley, Middleboro, Massachusetts 

1946 Walter B. Clarke, San Jose, California 

Mrs. John H. Cunningham, Brookline, Mass. 
Daniel W. O'Brien, Boston, Massachusetts 
Edmund F. Palmer, Vineland Station, 
Ontario, Canada 

1947 Thomas H. Everett, New York Botanical Garden, 

New York 
James J. Hurley, Newton Highlands, Mass. 
Isabella Preston, Georgetown, Ontario, Canada 

1948 Stedman Buttrick, Concord, Massachusetts 
Eric Walther, San Francisco, California 

1949 Morris Carter, Boston, Massachusetts 
Henry Kohankie, Painesville, Ohio 

A. Kenneth Simpson, Tarrytown, New York 
Dr. Harold B. Tukey, East Lansing, Michigan 

1950 Montague Free, Hyde Park, New York 
Dr. Wilson Popenoe, Antigua, Guatemala 
George L. Slate, Geneva, New York 

1951 Jan De Graaff, Gresham, Oregon 
Thomas C. Desmond, Newburgh, New York 
William Hertrich, San Marino, California 
Mrs. G. Kennard Wakefield, Milton, Mass. 

1952 Dr. Donald F. Jones, New Haven, Connecticut 
Dr. Walter E. Lammerts, Livermore, California 
Prof. Alex Laurie, Eustis, Florida 



13 



1953 Arie F. Den Boer, Des Moines, Iowa 
Fred Edmunds, Sherwood, Oregon 
Dr. Victor A. Tiedjens, Marion, Ohio 

1954 Arnold Davis, Cleveland Heights, Ohio 
Joseph J. Lane, Mamaroneck, New York 

1955 Miss Sarah Brassill, Weymouth, Massachusetts 
Paul Vossberg, Westbury, Long Island, N. Y. 
Dr. Richard P. White, Washington, D. C. 
Mrs. Irving C. Wright, Milton, Massachusetts 

1956 Eugene S. Boerner, Newark, New York 
Frank Reinelt, Capitola, California 

Mrs. Arthur P. Teele, Boston, Massachusetts 

1957 W. Ray Hastings, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 
Dr. R. E. Kleinsorge, Silverton, Oregon 
Jacques Legendre, Wachapreague, Virginia 

1958 J. J. Grullemans, Mentor, Ohio 

Mrs. Lucien B. Taylor, -Dover, Massachusetts 

1959 Prof. L. C. Chadwick, Columbus, Ohio 
Mrs. Susan Delano McKelvey, Boston, Mass. 
Arno H. Nehrling, Needham Heights, Mass. 
Conrad L. Wirth, Washington, D. C. 

1960 Dr. H. Harold Hume, Gainesville, Florida 
George W. Peyton, Rapidan, Virginia 
Dr. Karl Sax, Media, Pennsylvania 
Henry Teuscher, Montreal, Canada 
Henry G. Wendler, Newton Center, Mass. 

1961 Dr. Clement Gray Bowers, Maine, New York 
Theodore Payne, Los Angeles, California 
Frederick Frye Rockwell, Orleans, Massachusetts 
Dr. Russell J. Seibert, Kennett Square, Penn. 

1962 Dr. Raymond C. Allen, Mansfield, Ohio 
Alfred Byrd Graf, Rutherford, New Jersey 
Herbert C. Swim, Chino, California 

John Caspar Wister, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 

1963 Mrs. Chester S. Cook, Lexington, Massachusetts 
Mr. Henry Francis du Pont, Winterthur, Del. 
Mr. Karl P. Jones, Barrington, Rhode Island 
Mr. Brian O. Mulligan, Seattle, Washington 

1964 Dr. Samuel L. Emsweller, College Park, Md. 
Harold G. Hillier, Winchester, England 
Henry J. Hohman, Kingsville, Maryland 



FLOWER SHOW AWARDS 

continued from page 7 

National Association of Gardeners, Newport, Rhode Island, 
Branch, for a formal garden at the Spring Show. 

New England Carnation Growers, Association, for a display 
of carnations at the Spring Show. 

Norfolk County Agricultural School, for an informal garden 
at the Spring Show. 

Mr. Jean Thibodeau, for a display of spring-flowering bulbs. 

Mr. Wallace Windus, for Lilium Edna Kean at the Lily 
Show in Washington, D. C. 

Weston Nurseries, Inc., for an informal chrysanthemum 
garden. 

BRONZE MEDALS 

Mr. and Mrs. Augustine Bonzagni, for a display of 
daffodils. 

Brockton School Garden, for a display of flowers and 
vegetables. 

Miss Eleanor C. Brooks, for a display of Ismene Calathina. 

Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a woodland hillside at the 
Spring Show. 

Mrs. B. Preston Cutler, for a spring garden at the Spring 
Show. 

Jack Davis, Florist, for a display of chrysanthemums. 

D'Errico-McGlynn Flowers, for a display of chrysanthemums. 

The Garden Shed, for a naturalistic display of spring- 
flowering bulbs at the Spring Show. 

Gardeners' and Florists' Club of Boston, for a semi-formal 
hyacinth garden at the Spring Show. 

Mrs. John Johnson, for a display of bearded iris. 

The Junior League of Boston, Inc., for a display of flowers 
and vegetables. 

Junior's Plant Shop, for a display of dried material. 

Old Colony Landscape Service, for an informal suburban 
garden at the Spring Show. 

Mr. Jean Thibodeau, for an exhibit of miniature bulbs, 
corms and tubers at the Spring Show. 

CULTURAL CERTIFICATES 

Mr. Leo J. Dutram, for cymbidium Edna Cobb at the 
Spring Show. 

Mrs. John Johnson, for a display of bearded iris. 

Miss Mabel Riley, for a group of hydrangeas. 

Mrs. Edna Roberts, for a group of saintpaulias. 

Mr. John Sullivan, for a display of hybrid amaryllis at 
the Spring Show. 

Mr. John Sullivan, for a group of salpiglossis. 

Mr. Jean Thibodeau, for a display of spring-flowering bulbs. 

Mr. Marinus Vander Pol, for a semi-formal garden at the 
Spring Show. 

EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES 

Arnold Arboretum, for a display of the seeds of woody 
plants at the Spring Show. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cameron Bradley, for an educational exhibit 
of camellias. 



TREASURER'S REPORT 

The Society experienced a loss from operations dur- 
ing 1963 of $128,597.88 compared with $36,953.79 
in 1962. The Spring Flower Show profit of. $6,651.99 
compared to $26,330.03 of the previous year. Hor- 
ticulture showed a loss of $59,092.01 as against 
$28,004.86 in 1962. 

The loss for 1963, as in the past has made it 
necessary to sell some of our securities. Fortunately, 
the securities market has been such that our investment 
income for 1963 was greater than for any previous year. 

Examination of the circular graph for expenses will 
reveal that expenses for Horticulture and the building 
comprise 44% of the total. 

A three-year program has been undertaken to bring 
Horticulture out of its history of deficit with the inten- 
tion that the publication will not continue to drain 
funds in the future. Members already have seen the 
first results of this program in the revamped issues of 
Horticulture, beginning with the March 1964 issue. 

At the present time a thorough study is being made 
of Horticultural Hall and its role in the Society's future. 
While the Hall (the Society's third) is held dear by 
many members, it is now 63 years old and in need of 
extensive and costly renovation. The utilities, roof and 
exterior walls require constant attention to repair breaks 
and leaks, and the time is approaching when major 
reconstruction will be necessary if Horticultural Hall 
is to continue in its usefulness to the Society. 

In 1963 necessary improvements were made to the 
building, some of which were long overdue. Provi- 
sions have been included in our 1964 budget to con- 
tinue only those repairs necessary to safe operation. 

The Society received $6,000.00 in bequests in 1963. 
It is obvious that our needs are much greater if the 
Society is to grow and carry forth the educational 
purposes for which it was founded. 

(A complete statement of financial condition is 
available to members upon request.) 

Edward Dane 



14 



INCOME 



$ 130,470.90 



EXPENSES 



$259,068.75 





OPERATIONS GRAPH 1952-1963 




1958 1959 I960 1961 1962 




HORTICULTURE M PROFIT OR LOSS 
NET 



BEQUESTS 

Helen S. Coolidge $5,000 

Mary Fuller Wilson $1,000 

GIFTS OF MONEY 

Mr. Ralph F. Abbott 

Mrs. Horatio Alden 

Miss Eleanor W. Allen 

Mrs. Charles Almy 

Mrs. Katharine J. Bass 

Mrs. Steven R. Casey 

Miss Katherine F. Clark 

Mrs. Paul F. Clark 

Mr. Stephen R. Cowey 

Mrs. George A. Crane 

Mr. Frederic H. Curtiss 

Mrs. Ralph S. Emerson 

Mrs. J. W. Farley 

Mrs. A. W. Farrell 

Mr. Alexander Forbes 

Mr. Maurice T. Freeman 

Dr. John L. Fromer 

Mrs. Henry V. Greenough 

Mrs. W. Hannafin 

Mrs. Willard Helburn 

Mr. Stanley H. Lawton 

Mr. & Mrs. William Livingston 

Mrs. Francis B. Lothrop 

Mrs. Francis W. MacVeagh 

Mrs. Alexander Neilson 

Mrs. Olaf Nelson 

Mrs. James M. Newell 

Mrs. John T. Nightingale 

Mrs. Cortland Parker 

Mr. William Phillips 

Mr. Robert D. Proctor 

Mrs. Frank H. Purington 

Mrs. Edward P. Richardson, Jr. 

Mrs. Edward Rose 

Mr. Lennie Rutanen 

Dr. George C. Shattuck 

Mrs. Helen L. Stone 

Mrs. David H. Walton 

Mrs. Stephen Wheatland 

Mr. Nathaniel Whittier 

Mr. William O. Wise 



15 



STAFF 

ADMINISTRATION 

Carlton B. Lees, Executive Secretary 

Director of Publications 
Florence G. Courtney, Secretary 
Myron B. Bates, Office Manager 
Marion M. Costa, Assistant 
Amalie Meisel, Receptionist 
FLOWER SHOWS 

Arno H. Nehrling, Director of Exhibitions 

Bertha Levine, Secretary 
Lorraine M. Cantalupo, Secretary 
LIBRARY 

Muriel C. Crossman, Librarian 

Marion B. Crowell, Assistant 
Elizabeth Higgins, Assistant 
Madolin Ridge, Clerk 
MEMBERSHIP 

Mary C. Rochefort, Membership Secretary 

Donna L. Traverse, Assistant 
BUILDING MAINTENANCE 

C. Hooper Jackson, Superintendent 

Dominic Abbis 

Walter Stoll 

Stephen Adams 

Ernest Huntoon 

Elmer McPhee 

HORTICULTURE 
EDITORIAL 

Edwin F. Steffek, Editor 

Aliene H. Batting, Secretary 
Laura E. Hatton, Assistant Editor 
Richard C. Hands, Assistant Editor 
CIRCULATION 

Arthur B. Pausch, Circulation Manager 

Mildred A. Newton, Secretary 
Howard S. Donovan, Garden Club Circulation 
Grace E. Gibbs, Secretary 
Patricia Allgaier, Clerk 
Lillian Misner, Clerk 
ADVERTISING 

Arthur C. King, Advertising Manager 

Patricia A. Salvatore, Secretary 

Theresa McNamara, Classified Advertising 



COMMITTEES 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 
Oliver Wolcott, Chairman 
Oliver F. Ames 
Edward Dane 
Seth L. Kelsey 
Harold W. Knowlton 

FINANCE COMMITTEE 
Oliver Wolcott, Chairman 
Oliver F. Ames 
Edward Dane 

BUDGET COMMITTEE 
Oliver Wolcott, Chairman 
Oliver F. Ames 
Edward Dane 
Seth L. Kelsey 
Harold W. Knowlton 

NOMINATING COMMITTEE 
Seth L. Kelsey, Chairman 
Albert C. Burrage 
Allen W. Hixon 
Frederick S. Moseley III 
Mrs. G. Kennard Wakefield 

MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE 

Mrs. Charles F. Hovey, Chairman 
Robert N. Elwell 
Frederick S. Moseley III 

COMMITTEE ON LIBRARY 
Albert C. Burrage, Chairman 
Robert N. Elwell 
Mrs. John M. Hall 
Harold W. Knowlton 
Mrs. Edwin S. Webster 
Dr. Donald Wyman 

COMMITTEE ON 

LECTURES AND PUBLICATIONS 

Edward Dane, Chairman 
Oliver F. Ames 
Dr. John R. Havis 



COMMITTEE ON GARDENS 

Mrs. G. Kennard Wakefield, Chairman 
Oliver F. Ames 
Mrs. John M. Hall 
Alexander I. Heimlich 
Frederick S. Moseley III 

COMMITTEE ON SPECIAL MEDALS 
Dr. Donald Wyman, Chairman 
Harold W. Knowlton 
Milford R. Lawrence 
Harold D. Stevenson 
Mrs. Roger S. Warner 

COMMITTEE ON EXHIBITIONS 
Harold D. Stevenson, Chairman 
Edward Dane 
Dr. John R. Havis 
Seth L. Kelsey 
Mrs. William A. Parker 

COMMITTEE ON PRIZES 

Milford R. Lawrence, Chairman 
John Hurley, Co-Chairman 
Allen W. Hixon 
Harold W. Knowlton 
James Sutherland 

COMMITTEE ON 

CHILDREN'S GARDEN EXHIBITIONS 

Mrs. Roger S. Warner, Chairman 

Mrs. Charles F. Hovey 

Henry G. Wendler 

COMMITTEE ON THE 

ALBERT C. BURRAGE GOLD VASE 

Albert C. Burrage, Chairman 
Dr. John R. Havis 
John Hurley 
Harold D. Stevenson 

COMMITTEE ON BUILDING 
Oliver Wolcott, Chairman 
Robert N. Elwell 
Harold D. Stevenson 



16 



OFFICERS & TRUSTEES 





Oliver Wolcott 


Harold W. Knowlton 


Edward Dane 


Oliver F. Ames 


President 


Vice President 


Vice President and 


Assistant Treasurer 






treasurer 


and Trustee (1967) 











Albert C. Burrage 


Robert N. Elwell 


Mrs 


John M. Hall 


Dr. John R. Havis 


Allen W. Hixon 


Mrs. Charles F. Hovey 


Seth L. Kelsey 


Milford R, Lawrence 


Frederick S. Moseley III 


(1966) 


(1967) 




(1965) 


(1965) 


(1966) 


(1967) 


(1966) 


(1965) 


(1966) 




Harold D. Stevenson 
(1965) 



Mrs. G.Kennard Wakefield 
I 1*66) 



Mrs. Roger S. Warner 
(1965) 



Mrs. Edwin S. Webster 
(1967) 



Dr. Donald Wyman 
(1967) 



Trustees are elected for a three-year term; five are elected 
each year. Dates above indicate expiration of terms. Vice- 
Presidents are elected for a two-year term, one each year. 
The President is elected each year. The Treasurer, Assistant 
Treasurer and Secretary are elected by the Board of Trustees 
each year for a one-year term. 




Carlton B. Lees 

Executive Secretary 

Director of Publications 



Arno H. Nehrling 
Director of Exhibitions